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Post-Compulsory Education in England: Choices and Implications

Claudia  Hupkau,  Sandra  McNally,  Jenifer  Ruiz-Valenzuela,  Guglielmo  Ventura,  July 2016
Paper No' CVERDP001: | Full paper (pdf)
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Keywords: vocational education; apprenticeships; progression routes

JEL Classification: I20; I24; I28

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Abstract:

Most students do not follow the "academic track" (i.e. A-levels) after leaving school and only about a third of students go to university before the age of 20.

Our findings are more troubling in relation to lower levels of learning: most people classified as pursuing "Level 2" qualifications at age 17 do not progress any higher up the education qualification ladder. With respect to apprenticeships, the people accessing intermediate or Level 2 apprenticeships are lower achieving on average, and although the people accessing advanced apprenticeships are a little higher achieving than the average, they have a completely different profile than those students who undertake A-levels and go to university. In the public debate, it is often suggested that those undertaking A-levels should instead take up an apprenticeship. Our analysis suggests that this scenario is unlikely unless the type of apprenticeships on offer change in such a way as to appeal to these high achieving students. However, at a time of rising concern about UK inequality, it is more important than ever to focus on educational opportunities for all. One key focus should be on tackling the problem that our research reveals: that those lower down the educational ladder lack clear progression routes.



This paper has been published as:
'Post-Compulsory Education in England: Choices and Implications', Claudia Hupkau, Sandra McNally, Jenifer Ruiz-Valenzuela and Guglielmo Ventura, National Institute Economic Review, Vol 240, Issue 1, May 2017.