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Abstract for:

Oil Discoveries and Education Spending in the Postbellum South

Stephan E.  Maurer,  January 2018
Paper No' CEPDP1526: | Full paper (pdf)
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Keywords: oil, education, race, rosenwald, local public finances, resource booms, teachers

JEL Classification: I2; N3; Q3

Is hard copy/paper copy available? YES - Paper Copy Still In Print.
This Paper is published under the following series: CEP Discussion Papers
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This paper studies the effect of oil wealth on the provision of education in the early 20th century United States. Using information on the location and discovery of major oil fields, I find that oil wealth increased local revenue and education spending. The quality of white teachers increased, and oil-rich counties were more likely to participate in the Rosenwald school building program for blacks. In addition, student-teacher ratios for black school children declined substantially. However, I do not find increased school enrolment rates for either race.