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Abstract for:

From Sectoral To Functional Urban Specialisation

Gilles  Duranton,  Diego  Puga,  September 2001
Paper No' CEPDP0511: | Full paper (pdf)
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Keywords: functional specialisation; cities, business services, headquarters

JEL Classification: R30; L23; R12

Is hard copy/paper copy available? YES - Paper Copy Still In Print.
This Paper is published under the following series: CEP Discussion Papers
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We document and then develop a model explaining and relating changes in firms'' organisation and in urban structure. Sharing of business services by headquarters and of sector-specific intermediates by production plants within a city reduces costs, while congestion increases with city size. A fall in the costs of remote management leads to a shift in urban structure, from a configuration where cities specialise by sector and host integrated headquarters and production plants, to a configuration where cities specialise by function, with headquarters from different sectors and business services clustered in a few large cities and production plants from each sector clustered in smaller separate cities.