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Abstract for:

Do Giant Oilfield Discoveries Fuel Internal Armed Conflicts?

Yu-Hsiang  Lei,  Guy  Michaels,  November 2011
Paper No' CEPDP1089: | Full paper (pdf)
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Keywords: Natural resources; resource curse, petroleum, armed conflict, civil war

JEL Classification: Q34; Q33; O13

Is hard copy/paper copy available? YES - Paper Copy Still In Print.
This Paper is published under the following series: CEP Discussion Papers
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Abstract:

We use new data to examine the effects of giant oilfield discoveries around the world since 1946. On average, these discoveries increase per capita oil production and oil exports by up to 50 percent. But these giant oilfield discoveries also have a dark side: they increase the incidence of internal armed conflict by about 5-8 percentage points. This increased incidence of conflict due to giant oilfield discoveries is especially high for countries that had already experienced armed conflicts or coups in the decade prior to discovery.