Political Competition, Policy and Growth: Theory and Evidence from the United States
Paper No' CEPDP1009:
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Keywords: political competition; competition, government, US, economic development
JEL Classification: D72; H11; H70; N12; O11
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This Paper is published under the following series:
CEP Discussion Papers
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This paper develops a simple model to analyze how a lack of political competition may lead
to policies that hinder economic growth. We test the predictions of the model on panel data
for the US states. In these data, we find robust evidence that lack of political competition in a
state is associated with anti-growth policies: higher taxes, lower capital spending and a
reduced likelihood of using right-to-work laws. We also document a strong link between low
political competition and low income growth.