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CEP Director, John Van Reenen, joins other City Growth Commissioners in launch of Final report, Unleashing Metro Growth. Commission Chair Jim O'Neill presents findings at 11am, Wednesday 22 October, 2014.
Unleashing Growth is the final report of the City Growth Commission, containing a full set of recommendations for national and local government.
The report makes the case for, and explain how, cities can take a new role in our political economy, creating stronger, more inclusive and sustainable growth in the UK.
The final report considers evidence heard by the Commission in the form of written submissions and evidence hearings, and discussions hosted by the Commission at seminars, roundtables and other stakeholder engagement.
Key recommendations outline a significant shift - from the centre to metros - in policy and finance.
For more information, please visit the City Growth Commission website.
Is there a future for industry in Europe and North America? Giorgio Barba Navaretti and Gianmarco Ottaviano
use the example of the newly merged transatlantic car-maker Fiat Chrysler to debunk a number of myths about the nature of manufacturing and its viability in the mature economies of the West.
This article was published by the LSE's American Politics and Policy blog on October 20, 2014
Link to article here
Fiat Chrysler and the future of industry
, Giorgio Barba Navaretti, Gianmarco I.P. Ottaviano and Maria Teresa Trentinaglia. Article in CentrePiece Volume 19, Issue 2, Autumn 2014
Gianmarco Ottaviano webpage
Globalisation Programme webpage
Wind turbines are generally popular as a source of green energy but face considerable opposition from the people who have to live near them. Steve Gibbons
uses local property markets as a way to value the visual impact of wind farms and finds significant negative effects on house prices in postcodes where the turbines are visible.
This article was posted online by the LSE's British Politics and Policy blog on October 20, 2014
Link to article here
'Gone with the Wind: Valuing the Visual Impacts of Wind Turbines through House Prices', Stephen Gibbons, SERC Discussion Paper No.159
, April 2014
Gone with the Wind
, Stephen Gibbons. Article in CentrePiece Volume 19, Issue 2, Autumn 2014
Stephen Gibbons webpage
Wednesday 12 November 2014 Time:
Theatre, New Academic BuildingSpeaker:
Professor Sir John
: Polly Toynbee Discussant
Professor Holly SutherlandChair:
Julian Le Grand
This ground-breaking book Good
Times Bad Times: the welfare myth of them and us
John Hills, challenges the idea of a divide in the UK population between
those who benefit from the welfare state and those who pay into it.
John Hills is Director of the Centre for Analysis of Social
Exclusion (CASE) at LSE
Polly Toynbee is a political and social
commentator for the Guardian
Julian Le Grand is the Richard Titmuss Professor of Social Policy at
Holly Sutherland is a Director of the Institute for Social and Economic
Research (ISER) at the University of Essex.
Suggested hashtag for this
event for Twitter users:
This event is free and open to all with no ticket or pre-registration
required. Entry is on a first come, first served basis. For any queries
Events FAQ or contact us at firstname.lastname@example.org or
0207 955 6043
Abigail McKnight and
Just before the
minimum wage was introduced back in April 1999, disabled people were
disproportionately employed in jobs paying less that the NMW rate: 8.5% of
disabled men compared to 5.3% of non-disabled men, and 20% of disabled women
compared to 13.2% of non-disabled women. This meant that they stood to gain from
significant wage increases – but they were also most at risk of lay-offs, if
employers responded to the introduction of the minimum wage by reducing the
number of their employees.
At the time, there
were a number of calls for disabled people to be made exempt from the NMW for
this reason. But
our research found that both disabled and non-disabled men and
women actually increased their chances of remaining in work over the period that
the NMW was introduced. This was no
doubt due to the buoyant labour market at that time.
We also found no evidence among disabled men or among disabled women that
changes in their chances of remaining in work were significantly lower than for
non-disabled men or non-disabled women respectively.
We concluded that
exempting disabled employees from the NMW would be likely to increase
discrimination against disabled people by giving a clear signal to
employers and others that disabled workers could be treated less favourably.
This is in direct opposition to the Equality Act. The vast majority of disabled
employees earning less than the NMW before it was introduced did not lose their
jobs following its introduction. The introduction of the NMW therefore led to an
increase in the wage of these low-paid disabled employees, and, although it was
not covered in our original research, one would expect that subsequent increases
in the minimum wage have similarly benefitted disabled people in the labour
We suggest that a
much better approach would be to continue to keep disabled employees
under the scope of the NMW legislation, improve the enforcement of the
Equality Act and to support disabled employees with very low intrinsic levels of
productivity through supported employment services. Furthermore policy would be
better targeted at addressing the low levels of skill and education among parts
of the disabled population, which is most often the root cause of low wages and
high rates of non-employment.
In the light of the
recent comments made by Lord Freud that some disabled people are not worth the
National Minimum Wage we would like to suggest that our research findings are
just as relevant today as they were when first produced in 2003. Disabled people
have been major net gainers from the NMW and there is no evidence to support the
case that they should be exempt.
Research paper: Disability and the National Minimum Wage: A Special CASE?
CASE researchers, with funding from Trust for London, have examined,
through an in-depth case study approach, three London councils’ responses to
the cuts, as well as what those responses have meant for services and
residents of one of the most deprived wards of each borough. The research
focused on services for families with under-fives, young people 16-24 and
older people 65+.
Key findings include:
- Front line services for under-fives and young people have been
impacted in all wards (with the exception of under-fives services in
Camden) but not to the degree we might have expected from the extent
of local government spending cuts.
- Staff reductions were widely reported in these services and
were the principal change in most cases. Those reductions were
being offset as far as possible through paid staff doing more and
through use of volunteers. For this reason more extensive impact to
the front line had to this point been avoided.
- Services for older people had been affected more than services
for under-fives and young people in all three wards. Losses of day
centres, reductions in activities, or higher charges had occurred
across the case studies. Adult Social Care makes up the largest
part of council spending and as councils are obliged to protect
statutory provision discretionary community services are being
- In the wards where children’s centre activity provision had been
reduced parents reported worsening behavioural problems. Parents on
low incomes were not able to offset those service reductions by
paying for private services.
- Older residents who had experienced changes in local provision
reported greater boredom. In some cases the changes have created a
barrier to access (e.g. inability to pay higher charges) and leaving
those older residents more isolated. Social ties were being severed
with service losses.
- VCS organisations we spoke with are under increasing pressure,
particularly smaller, locally specific ones. We have to question
the long-term potential of VCS provision supplying the antidote to
council reductions at the local level given the extent of
competition for funding reported. We have noted here the reduction
in all wards of funding to VCS providers of older people’s services
and, importantly, the impact of that on older residents’ lives.
- This work reflects a snapshot at a particular point in time,
just before local elections in 2014 and before a second round of
budget cuts. The situation is likely to get worse. Several of the
service managers we spoke with were unsure of the future of their
job or the service they managed.
A summary is available to
download here (pdf) and the
report available here
The report is part of the Social
Policy in a Cold Climate research programme, jointly funded by
Joseph Rowntree Foundation and
Trust for London.