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Professor Michael Curran, an economist at Villanova University in Pennsylvania, said that while the UK's decision to leave the EU was ''unambiguously bad'' for Ireland and the UK as a whole, Northern Ireland would be hardest hit. ... Prof Curran also warned that the potential reintroduction of border and custom controls would significantly dent Northern Ireland's GDP: ''Some research has shown... that just these non-tariff barriers could raise costs for NI farmers by between 2% and 4% and a recent study by the Centre for Economic Performance (CEP
) found that a 2% increase in non-tariff barriers could actually reduce [the North's] GDP by 1.4% in the long-run.''
This article was published online by The Irish Examiner on July 27, 2016
Link to article here
The complete series of Brexit Papers are available online here
Holger Breinlich webpage
Swati Dhingra webpage
Hanwei Huang webpage
Gianmarco Ottaviano webpage
Thomas Sampson webpage
John Van Reenen webpage
Trade Programme webpage
Growth Programme webpage
and John Van Reenen
of the London School of Economics' Centre for Economic Performance
have carried out a similar exercise looking at top bosses' pay at 500 large listed UK companies between 1999 and 2014. Unlike in the MSCI study, the two researchers did find that executive pay was correlated with stock market performance over the period.
This article was published online by the Independent on July 27, 2016
Link to article here
Bankers and their bonuses, Brian Bell and John Van Reenen, Centre for Economic Performance Occasional Paper No.35, February 2013
Extreme Wage Inequality: Pay at the Very Top, Brian Bell and John Van Reenen, Centre for Economic Performance Occasional Paper No.34, February 2013
Brian Bell webpage
John Van Reenen webpage
Growth Programme webpage
British people are at their least happy while at work - except when they are sick in bed - according to a study forthcoming in the Economic Journal
The researchers Alex Bryson
and George MacKerron analysed more than a million responses uploaded to a smartphone app, called Mappiness
, that sporadically asks users questions such as how they are feeling, where they are and what they are doing.
This media briefing was published online by the Royal Economic Society on July 27, 2016
Link to the briefing here
Are you happy while you work?, Alex Bryson and George MacKerron, Centre for Economic Performance Discussion Paper No.1187, February 2013
Are you happy while you work?, Alex Bryson and George MacKerron. Article in CentrePiece Volume 18, Issue 1, Summer 2013
Alex Bryson webpage
Labour Markets Programme webpage
After over 18 years in the role, John Hills will be stepping-down as
Director of CASE from mid-September, reflecting the increasing demands on his
time as Co-Director of the recently established LSE International Inequalities
Tania Burchardt, currently Deputy Director will become Director of CASE.
Tania will be supported by Abigail McKnight, Kitty Stewart and Polly Vizard as
Associate Directors, while Anne Power will continue to direct the LSE Housing
and Communities Group.
CASE colleagues are delighted that John will continue to be involved in
an advisory function as Chair of CASE and through continuing research as part of
Over the last year or so we have been conducting three major evidence reviews
for the European Commission’s Directorate-General for
Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion.
We were given the opportunity to present findings to the EU’s Social Protection
Committee, the European Social Policy Network and at a half-day seminar at the
European Commission. We are pleased to inform you that these evidence
reviews have just been published by the Commission and are free to download.
Evidence review - Creating More Equal Societies: What Works?
by Abigail McKnight, Magali Duque and Mark Rucci
this review is to assess the effectiveness of
education, wage setting institutions and welfare states in reducing inequality.
Education both empowers people and provides them with tradeable skills to secure
a decent income – greater equality in individuals’ ability to generate income in
the labour market is key to producing more equitable outcomes.
Evidence shows that
imbalances in power result in some workers being underpaid while others are
overpaid. Collective wage bargaining
and minimum wages
have proved to be successful
in reducing wage inequality.
power which has allowed them to
take an increasing share of the wagebill to the
detriment of other workers
and form a politically powerful elite,
need further development.
need to evolve
to meet the
challenges of ‘new inequalities’
and changing employment landscapes, but are essential now and
will continue to be essential in the future
to help individuals redistribute income over their own lives as well as between
the rich and poor.
Evidence review - Low pay and in-work poverty: preventative measures and
by Abigail McKnight, Kitty Stewart, Sam Mohun Himmelweit
and Marco Palillo
highlights the benefits of preventing individuals entering low paid work as they
can become trapped in low paid jobs or end up cycle between unemployment and
precarious, low quality work. In countries
where collective wage bargaining institutions
or even disappeared in the latter part of the 20th Century,
governments have been forced to piece together
a number of policies
to replace the role they played in creating wage floors and reducing inequality.
Reducing the incidence of low pay also has the benefit of reducing in-work
However, the review emphasises that
an effective anti-poverty strategy requires a
portfolio of additional measures
as well – not all low paid workers are living in poor households and not all
workers living in poor households are low paid. These additional measures
include improving job stability and quality,
and encouraging greater sharing of paid and unpaid work within the household,
and – crucially –
supporting families with children
child benefits and/or tax credits
to lower earning households. The role of the latter is particularly important,
both because of the higher incidence of in-work poverty in households with
children, and because of the long-term consequences of growing up in poverty for
children’s lives and opportunities.
Evidence review - The Strength of the Link between Income Support and Activation
by Abigail McKnight and Arnaud Vaganay
integration of the administration of income
support claims and public employment services
in many countries
has had a number of benefits
which include cost savings, reinforcement of the link between benefit receipt
and the need to find work, and easier access to labour market programmes.
effectiveness of linking activation with income support receipt depends on the
suitability of the activation programme. The
in the short-term activation programmes that
‘push’ jobseekers into work may appear to be more effective
than programmes that invest in the employability of jobseekers.
in the longer term
there is a greater tendency for jobseekers pushed to take the first available
job to cycle between unemployment and precarious forms of employment while
programmes that seek to improve the job match
and enhance the skills of jobseekers result in better longer term employment
The new London Mayor
Sadiq Khan was elected in May on a platform of fairness, with commitments to a
more equal London, the creation of a new economic fairness unit within the GLA
and tackling low pay.
In this latest blog we look at disparities in key economic outcomes
(unemployment, youth unemployment, low pay, income and wealth) in London by
The findings are drawn
from our comprehensive report on inequality and disadvantage in London published
The Changing Anatomy of Economic Inequality in
London (2007-2013). The report provided a detailed
picture of what happened to different population groups in London in the wake of
the crisis and downturn. In a series of blogs we are expanding that analysis by
‘drilling down’ into different aspects of inequality in London.
Other blogs in this
Inequalities and disadvantage in London – focus on Disability